Guidance documents - CD-P-PH/PC
Automated Dose Dispensing (ADD): Guidelines on best practice for the ADD process and care and safety of patients
The ADD guidelines were developed by a working group of experts from industry, academia, pharmacy and government from across the region of the Council of Europe. These guidelines harmonise the standards and approaches to automated dose dispensing across Europe and are intended to be used by pharmacies and manufacturers involved in ADD, as well as by national authorities in countries where this service is provided. They include standards regarding the ADD sites and operations, as well as patient care activities associated with the ADD process.
Pharmaceutical care is understood as a quality concept and working method for the responsible provision of medicine therapy for definite outcomes in the interest of patients’ quality of life (Hepler and Strand’s definition - 1990). The main goal of the EDQM Pharmaceutical Care Quality Indicators Project was to develop, test and validate 4 sets of quality indicators. For each indicator set, pilot studies were carried out in different countries in Europe under real-life conditions, and in different healthcare settings. A total of 19 collaborators from 12 countries in Europe were involved in the last phase of the project. The project drew up and validated 4 basic sets of quality indicators covering 4 key areas of the pharmaceutical care process. These indicators can be used by health authorities and healthcare professionals to evaluate pharmaceutical care practices and policies, and to promote the efficient and safe use of medicines, leading to the best possible medication outcome for the patient.
Pharmaceutical care: Policies and practices for a safer, more responsible and cost-effective health system
Medication is the most frequent intervention in healthcare systems. However, patients do not always receive the full benefits that their treatment can provide and if they are not prescribed or taken properly, medicines can actually cause serious illness or even death. Pharmaceutical care – a quality concept and a working method for professionals involved in prescribing, dispensing and administering medicines – is indispensable to ensure the appropriate and safe use of medicines. The Committee of Experts on Quality and Safety Standards in Pharmaceutical Practices and Pharmaceutical Care, co-ordinated by the EDQM, developed indicators to assess the implementation and quality of pharmaceutical care services in Europe. Governments and policy-makers are encouraged to take action to prevent the harm, impaired quality of life, work time lost and wasted resources that arise from the inappropriate use of medicines and from drug-related problems.
Pharmaceutical care is a fundamental part of healthcare. According to Hepler and Strand (1989), “pharmaceutical care is the responsible provision of medicine therapy for the purpose of achieving deﬁnite outcomes that improve a patient’s quality of life”. Pharmaceutical care is based on a relationship between patients and the healthcare professionals who are responsible for them. Active participation of patients in the medicine therapy decisions concerning them, and co-operation between healthcare professionals across disciplines are central in this concept whose goal is direct benefit to the patient. The Committee of Experts on Quality and Safety Standards in Pharmaceutical Practices and Pharmaceutical Care contributes to the EDQM’s mission of promoting access to good quality medicines and healthcare. In 2008-2009, as part of its programme of activities, this Committee of Experts carried out a survey designed to assess awareness and understanding of the concept of pharmaceutical care in Europe. The resulting report analyses and discusses the responses received from national public health authorities and associations of physicians, pharmacists, nurses and patients from 17 countries.